[Publication] (Most read article) Similarities and differences in leisure conceptualizations between Japan and Canada and between two Japanese leisure-like terms
The article by Dr. Eiji Ito (Wakayama University) and Prof. Gordon J. Walker (Distinguished University Professor, Wakayama University / Professor, University of Alberta) published in Leisure/Loisir is now ranked No.1 of the Most Read Articles since the online launch of the journal in 2011.
Similarities and differences in leisure conceptualizations between Japan and Canada and between two Japanese leisure-like terms
Eiji Ito, Faculty of Tourism, Wakayama University, Wakayama City, Japan (current)
Gordon J. Walker, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Leisure/Loisir, Volume 38, 2014, Issue.1, pp. 1-19
This study investigated similarities and differences in leisure conceptualizations between Japan and Canada and between two Japanese leisure-like terms: yoka and rejā. To address these purposes, we developed the Leisure Ten Statements Test (LTST). The LTST asks people to provide 10 open-ended responses to a prompt (e.g., “Leisure _____”). Responses from university students in Japan and Canada were classified, and then statistical analyses were conducted on the proportions of the 26 resulting categories. Results indicated that: (1) leisure conceptualizations differed not only between Japan and Canada but also within Japan depending on terminologies; (2) the loanword rejā has different meanings from its original English word, leisure, suggesting that it has adapted Japanese cultural contexts; and (3) the Japanese leisure-like term that best compares with the English word leisure varies depending on which specific aspect of leisure is of interest.
culture; conceptualization; leisure; leisure-like terms; Japan